• Only nouns and personal pronouns vary in gender and number. Verbs and adjectives are invariable, just like all other families of words.

    In order to know if an adjective or complement relates to one or more nouns, linal uses the following symbols, eci and ice, that resolve all ambiguity in many cases:

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  • The most important/“biggest” concept is placed first..

     

    Determiners

    Determiners come after the noun or noun group they accompany.

    Dog the is in house the.

     

    Pronouncing numbers (full version)*

    7584
    1000-seven and 100-five and 10-eight and four

    250 504
    1000 (100-two and 10-five) and 100-five and four

    21 janvier 1905
    1905 January 21

    * the simple version is just an enumeration of the digits in the whole number, from left to right (i.e. in the first example: seven five eight four).

    The middle ground would be 1000-seven five eight four, so your audience knows the order of magnitude from the very start.

     

    Sentence structure

    Unless the speaker wants to emphasize one thing or another, linal structure is subject-verb-complement and adjectives come after nouns.

    A black dog is looking at the blue house.
    Dog i black a looks o house i blue the.

    It is the blue house that a black dog is looking at.
    (Mut) o |house i blue the| |dog i black a| looks.
    Dog i black a looks o house the mut i blue. (discrimination on colour)


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  • "O" et "i" are versatile words, critical elements to the structures that are the very essence of Linal's syntax.

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  • "FC" means "founding concept".

    Linal is a language that does not emphasize on one gender or the other. The neutral gender exists.

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  • In linal, there is no such restriction as "this word does not exist", since words can be formed from radicals and affixes.

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  • Linal is a language I started thinking about a few years ago and I've unearthed recently, while talking with a friend, realizing how complicated French (my mother tongue) made it to express simple ideas.

    Linal is mostly about making everything sayable (like "sayable"!) and a few strong original* founding concepts.

    I haven't built up much vocabulary yet, focusing on the concepts. I will therefore appreciate any feedback and help to build this language.

    So in order for you to understand better how the language works, the examples I will use will mix English and Linal words (the latter in pink, representing the strong concepts and the former being the "filler" words that are just here to help you understand what the sentence means).

    Posts will alternate between theoretical articles with examples and exercises to check you have understood the concepts correctly.

    This language is aimed at being an auxiliary language that be:

    – simple
    ° no exceptions, declensions or conjugations
    ° no unnecessary agreement (nouns and pronouns)
    ° simple pronunciation
    ° sentence construction that needs no paraphrase (e.g. “I want [you do not listen]” // “[you were mean to her] displeases me”) ;

    – logical (e.g. “2017 December 8” instead of “8th December 2017”, because in the latter case, until the speaker has finished saying it, you cannot locate precisely the time they refer to;

    – convenient and as unambiguous as possible. Example 1: in "wild geese and ducks", you cannot know whether only the geese are wild or both. Example 2: a “we” pronoun that means “you and I”;

    – gender-neutral: neutral, masculine and feminine genders (speakers being encouraged to use neutral unless really necessary).

    *at least, from where I stand (I haven't studied many languages and conlangs in depth).


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